Ever since the major release of Google’s Golang (also referred to as Go) back in 2012, the language has been growing steadily. At present, it’s considered a powerful option to write APIs and web services. As a matter of fact, when you consider exclusive skillset and choices, Go ranks among the best web programming languages. In addition, a lot of developers find it easier to use Go than many of its mainstream rivals.
Golang is an open source, compiled programming language that comes with native metaphors for non-contemporaneous programming and a bunch of other great features to create dependable, robust software.
The team at Google designed Go for concurrency and scalability, and reduces the amount of code required to build APIs and software without compromising on the functionality.
There are many frameworks serving various purposes that developers can utilize for web development with Golang depending on the nature of the project. This blog is about some of those frameworks that can come in handy for developers who are new to Go.
Not all developers agree that Martini is a great framework for Go as it supposedly lacks a ‘Goish’ vibe. But it nevertheless is a useful framework capable of doing certain unique things like dynamically injecting various data sets into handlers depending on types. There are over 20 active plug-ins that developers can use. The only major drawback is that the Martini community is quite small.
Buffalo can be praiseworthily great for Go beginners as it sets everything up – from front-end to back-end web building, when they are about to begin a new project. With Buffalo, it’s much faster and easier to develop web apps. It also comes with a Hot Reload feature which means that the dev command will be observing the .html and .go files automatically, after which it will restart and redevelop the binary.
If you have read the Go mailing lists, you would know that this framework is one of the better alternatives to many other lightweight frameworks. Even if the entire XMPP server is developed with either HTTP or Net, it functions properly. The framework can come in handy for developing complex web apps that require middleware.
Net/HTTP also allows developers to mix and match middleware from certain other Golang frameworks. The Net/HTTP is big and growing owing to the fact that reusability of bits from other projects is possible. The major drawback is that the routing is not so powerful requiring you to often use another framework specifically for this purpose.
This framework is possibly the largest running and most popular Go framework in use. Gorilla also seems to have the biggest English-speaking community. The modular framework features web sockets using which the developers can attach exactly the similar code to REST endpoints without requiring the use of any third-party service such as Pusher. In addition, many components of Gorilla can be directly reused with Net/HTTP library.
Goji is a quick, lightweight framework designed for simplicity and the ability to compose. It’s basically a conservative HTTP request multiplexer with Einhorn assistance – a feature that facilitates web socket assistance in Goji for developers. Other features include re-configurable middleware stack, URL patterns, better shutdown etc.
Despite the fact that its creator, Paul Bellamy, doesn’t actively maintain the framework, Mango is still a popular option for many developers in the Go community. Surprisingly, Mango is still used by numerous developers primarily due to its modularity. The framework allows one to develop reusable modules of HTTP functionality easily and fairly quickly. Mango can keep the code autonomous as it comprises a list of apps and middleware into one HTTP server object.
Many Go developers often opine that Beego is somewhat similar to the Django framework for Python. Like Django, Beego comes with a wide array of modularly arranged features common to web applications. In addition to the various MVC elements that’s common in many web frameworks, Beego also incorporates an ORM (Object-Relationship Map) to access data, and also features session-handling tools, in-built cache handler, libraries for general operations with HTTP components etc. It’s similarity with Django may also be evident in its command-line tools.
The frameworks in this list aren’t necessarily the best frameworks for Go available. But they are all known for allowing developers to experiment with various functionalities and explore the capabilities of Go better. That said, the right use of these frameworks will ultimately depend on the web application project and its requirements.
If you want to learn about the alternatives to Go for web application development, contact the experts at AOT today.