What we’ve known for years as mobility has evolved into what’s popularly termed ‘Smart Mobility’. Computing is not constrained to desktops and laptops anymore as new ‘smartphones’ arrive with hardware power that rivals their desktop and laptop counterparts. The convenience granted by mobility have sparked a trend where people started browsing through their mobile devices. Now it’s the norm.

Organizations have started to realize the significance of an enterprise mobile app not only to serve customers but also for streamlining business processes, managing human resources, and reporting to stakeholders.

Modern Day App Development

Despite the dominance of mobile applications in both the tech world and the day-to-day lives of people, there are many apps that fail as soon as they are launched. Thousands of applications fail at what they had been designed to do owing to more than one reason.

Not surprisingly, one of those reasons is the back-end of the app. As more businesses invest in a ravishing front end for their mobile app, some neglect the significance of a robust backend. While the front-end makes the app visually appealing and grants a pleasing experience to users, it’s the back-end that does the heavy lifting; comprising databases, services etc. and influencing the app’s performance quotient.

This is why it’s important to choose the right back-end technology for a mobile app.

Tips to Choose the Right Back-End Technology Stack

Ensuring expertise

Regardless of the technology used for the app’s back-end, everything ultimately comes down to how efficiently the back-end is built. And the key to getting the best results out of a robust back-end is expertise. So before choosing a back-end technology stack, it’s wise to ensure whether the in-house developers have the expertise to handle the stack. If you are outsourcing the development, make sure the development company you hire has the expertise to efficiently utilize the back-end technology you choose.

Consider time-to-market

For many organizations, time-to-market is a critical factor they can’t neglect. Back-end technology directly influences an app’s time-to-market. The right back-end technology stack facilitates quick integration of features which can be beneficial for projects with impending deadlines.

If the brand that owns the app doesn’t have a time constraint, the developer can go for more exciting technology stacks that allow them to explore and get creative with the back-end likely resulting in standout features for the app.

Consider non-functional requirements

Many non-functional requirements like scalability, security, performance, usability, compliance, disaster recovery, documentation etc. also should be taken into account when choosing a technology stack for the app’s back-end. A reliable technology stack known for its success rate may not offer the best performance for the app.

Third-party integrations support

If the app’s user base is expected to increase significantly within a short time, the developers would have to polish existing features and add new ones that improve the app’s interface, service offerings, and functionality. All these additions need to be integrated rather quickly. Furthermore, other developers would want to integrate the subject app’s feature set into their own apps. Without the right back-end technology, such confidential incorporations wouldn’t be possible.

Back-end in the cloud

The cloud enables on-demand access to a plethora of configurable computing resources – from hosting servers and networks to storage, applications, and services. Every major cloud service including AWS, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud offers various design patterns or engines (application frameworks) that function as app back-ends.

The cloud- based back-end solutions offer several benefits such as:

  • Data synchronization across all app platforms (mobile and desktop)
  • Handling various offline scenarios
  • Sending notifications and messages
  • Reducing and managing front-end data storage
  • Throughput and Network Usage optimizatio


Cyber-security is a major keyword for modern day mobile apps. Every year, new cyber-threats emerge shaking the security foundations of almost every IT service connected to the internet. With mobile apps becoming invaluable for businesses, even the smallest security breach could potentially result in irreparable damage.

There shouldn’t be any exploitable vulnerability in an enterprise mobile app. With the right back-end technology and ample testing, this shouldn’t be a concern. There’s also the fact that relying on outdated or older technology stacks may open up security gaps in an app. Latest technologies are generally considered more secure.


Mobile app development is a steadily growing industry that’s encouraging the development as well as evolution of mobile technologies. As technologies advance, the capabilities of mobile apps evolve to newer dimensions. From amongst the vast number of technologies, every business investing in mobile apps should overcome the challenge of figuring out the right technology stack for their apps.

If your business needs help with this, get in touch with the app development experts at AOT. We can help you identify the best mobile technologies that would augment your business in the form of a mobile app.

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For many businesses, the blockchain technology is something that has to do with cryptocurrency. Sure, it’s something backed by the likes of Bitcoin and other IPO-backed cryptocurrencies but that’s just the tip of the iceberg. Blockchain is considered one of the most remarkable technologies in modern times with a potential to revolutionize digital security.

Its capacity to securely combine complex data streams and its general mobile-friendly traits make blockchain ideal for a wide array of mobile apps.

That said, here are three ways how blockchain is positively impacting mobile app development.

Digital ledger system with blockchain

This particular facet of blockchain makes it easier for one to understand the technology better. Blockchain is essentially a digital ledger on a vast, expansive computer network. The machines in the network drive the ledger by collaboratively sending and parsing data. Even the smallest changes are transmitted to the machines on the network holding the same ledger.

Such an approach can be beneficial to mobile technology considering the fact the mobile networks also use a client and server side system. With millions of users flooding various mobile channels to get data wirelessly, it won’t be wrong to assume that there would be loss of data in some form. Blockchain can do something about such data loss with its systematic approach to accommodating changes.

Enhanced security

There is great transparency associated with blockchain technology i.e. users can track information much easier with blockchain. The overall setup makes it impossible to falsify information or generate fake transactions. The system cannot be tampered with in order to benefit one party alone in a transaction.

Users would be able to see everything involved in a process recorded in the ledger. In addition, they can track, verify, secure, and add information. The blockchain’s expansive capabilities and its transparency can enhance mobile security to a great extent.

Encryption capabilities

Blockchain encryptions are arguably more sophisticated than the technology itself. It’s so complex that no one can break or fool the system without a decryption key. This aspect can be particularly useful in a scenario where there are multiple users requesting the system for verification and access.

For example, consider a mobile app designed to handle contracts for the legal or financial sectors. It’s common for contracts or other documents to require multiple signatures. With blockchain technology, these signatures can be added and accessed all at once by multiple users individually without having to communicate with each other. The only verification necessary would be to analyze the blockchain and verify the adjustments made.


The technology is expected to propagate further by itself in the mobile app development industry once it matures and mobile technologies evolve. Its ease of use and minimal resource utilization makes blockchain too good an offer to ignore. At present, enterprises seem to be observing blockchain’s influence on cryptocurrency. But considering its growth, we can expect blockchain to truly make a difference in various other industries as well.

If you want to explore blockchain’s application in mobile apps and the potential of this combination, get in touch with the experts at AOT today.

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Age-old web development tactics will only get you lackluster websites that, in most cases, don’t tend to be appealing to visitors to make them want to visit again. For effective web development in modern times, emerging and evolving technologies should be embraced.

Out of all technologies that impacted the web development industry, mobile technologies stand out, demanding utilization of diverse web development methodologies and frameworks for the website to impress visitors through mobile browsers.

Mobile dominance

Importance of mobile browsing has been emphasized by many organizations in the past few years.

Statista found that mobile traffic held a total global online traffic share of 52.6% in 2017.

Considering the dominance of mobile devices today, it’s certainly a wise decision to make websites mobile-friendly. It should be designed in a way that the visitors will be engaged, will find it easy to navigate across pages to find what they seek, and return for business on the website. This means there should be an equal focus on both design and development of the website.

Web technologies that redefine digital experiences

There are numerous web development technologies available today that can be leveraged to make websites versatile and futuristic. This blog lists a few of the most powerful web development technologies today that developers can use to build websites that stand the test of time.


Hypertext Pre-Processor, or PHP in short, is a popular server-side scripting language that’s been helping developers create dynamic and interactive websites. It’s in fact one of the most used web development languages accounting for about 80% websites in the World Wide Web.

PHP’s popular frameworks like Laravel, CakePHP etc. play a major role in the language’s consistent success over the years. In addition to a short learning curve, PHP can also embed into HTML code without using another IDE. Popular content management systems like WordPress and Magento also use PHP at their core. But its biggest feature is that it’s cross-platform/cross-browser compatible and open source.


Ruby is another high-level language that can embed into HTML code just like PHP. The object-oriented language offers better security and comes with features like flexible syntaxes and an efficient debugger. It also enables developers to make use of string and text manipulation techniques. It’s, however, popular in the community due to the fact that it lets developers build multi-threaded apps with simple APIs. It’s also known for the ‘Rails’ framework, making it popular as Ruby on Rails.


Once it was believed that ASP.NET was dying. But one of Microsoft’s greatest contributions to web development eventually found its way back up among the best. ASP.NET still allows developers to build high-performance, scalable web applications. It’s still one of the fastest full-featured web frameworks that offers rich tooling capabilities and portability.


JavaScript’s never stopped gaining momentum after all these years, and is believed to be the prime candidate that will shape the future of web development. It can be used for client-side and server-side applications, and is very beginner-friendly.

A testament to JavaScript’s potential is evident from the fact that tech behemoths like Google and Facebook uses AJAX which in turn uses JavaScript to reload web pages faster. The JavaScript-based Node.js is also a widely used backend language. JavaScript’s library jQuery now powers more than 50% of active websites today. Its framework Angular 2 facilitates large scale web development, and has a large community backing it.


An honorable mention in this list, Java’s platform-agnostic nature and its proven reliability still makes it a favorite for many web and desktop app developers. Owing to its high-end security coding and concurrency programming features, Java is considered a great option for large-scale enterprise application development. It’s also found its way into IoT, LBS and M2M projects by offering more scalability and interoperability than its rivals.

One of the biggest benefits of Java is its ‘Spring and Play’ framework. The programmer-friendly framework enables developers to rapidly develop web apps. The language also plays a key role in Android, as the Android SDK uses Java as the basis for Android apps. According to Oracle, there are over 3 billion devices in the world that run Java.


The technologies are all there, but they are still just tools that need to be wielded. Ultimately, if the developers cannot use them well, the website or web application would fail to impress. If you require web development services, you will have to make sure the developer possesses the technical expertise to leverage these technologies and others effectively.

Rest assured, AoT has already mastered the art of leveraging the most powerful technologies, to visualize the digital experience our clients desire. With years of experience in developing high-performance, SEO-friendly websites and secure enterprise applications, we can craft digital solutions that cater to your business as well. If you have any queries, do let us know.

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The advent of mobile technologies and smartphones brought forth a major cultural shift in people’s lives. A similar paradigm shift is now going on in mobile app development, due to an older technology making a majestic comeback – Machine Learning. Though ML’s been around for a while, its potential wasn’t, or rather couldn’t, be explored a couple of years back. The technology is quite advanced now, enough to enable mobile apps to not require explicit programming to perform certain tasks.

A Machine Learning algorithm allows the mobile app to collect and analyzes lots of data to come up with precise conclusions. The system learns automatically after detecting app usage aspects and improve the app’s experience while it performs.

Easier said than done.

To do all this, the app requires sophisticated ML algorithms integrated into it as well as access to sufficient amounts of data sets, enabling the system to analyze previous experiences so as to make better decisions in the future. In addition, the system will adapt to new data. The apps essentially become more intelligent in the process.

Key takeaways for ML enthusiasts and developers

If you think it’s not yet time to build a Machine Learning application for your business, you would be taking the words back soon. McKinsey’s reports indicate that the total funding of ML apps is over $6 billion worldwide. Many businesses around the globe have already started preparations to effectively utilize the technology to get ahead of competitors.

That said, here are a few things that ML enthusiasts should always keep in mind.

  • Utilize all the data available – When it comes to leveraging machine learning for app development, developers should take care not to use sub-sampling, and utilize every data they have access to. Feeding more data to the algorithm helps it deliver more accurate results and predictions.
  • ML method could spell success or doom – The project’s success often comes down to the ML method selected. Unless there are large amounts of data involved, it’s best to stick to simple ML models for better predictions.
  • Pay attention to the parameters – Because the parameters and the methods should be constantly monitored, it’d be great to have a qualified data scientist onboard.
  • Improper data collection can cause problems – The efficiency of ML depends on the data used to train it. Improper data collection including incorrect labels, fragmented, poorly featured etc. can impact the efficiency of the ML algorithm.
  • Take client business model into account – The client’s business model should be considered before building ML algorithms for their benefit.

Top ML Frameworks for Mobile App Developers

ML’s rising momentum also owes it to the many great ML frameworks available at present and the support from popular cloud services. With many technologies including the cloud providing good back, app developers can now build ‘smart’ apps with cognitive learning capabilities, on-device processing, and minimum lines of code.

Here are the top ML frameworks that developers use to build ML-powered intelligent apps.

Google Tensorflow

At the top of this list is Tensorflow, Google’s contribution to create innovative Deep Learning models. The tech behemoth is reported to have invested a lot in AI/ML technologies, and is now letting everyone get a taste of the tech with its framework.

Tensorflow is based on computational graph that comprises of multiple nodes in a network, and each node is basically an operation that executes either a simple or a complicated function. Many popular Google services use Tensorflow to provide users with an intuitive experience. The same can be done for any mobile app now with the framework.

Apple’s Core ML

Apple’s machine learning framework Core ML was launched in the WWDC 2017, and is one of the main reasons why many iOS apps today are capable of performing tasks that human eyes do. Text & barcode detection, object tracking, face tracking etc. are just a few of Core ML’s supported features. In addition to machine learning, the framework also offers NLP APIs that can understand text.

Microsoft Cognitive Services

With Google and Apple rolling out powerful frameworks for ML, Microsoft couldn’t stay far behind. The Microsoft Cognitive toolkit features an ML framework offering sophisticated Deep Learning algorithms that can be used for multiple purposes including app development. Popular Microsoft services like Skype, Cortana, and Xbox were developed with the Cognitive toolkit.

One of its biggest advantages is that it allows use of popular programming languages like C++, Python, and Brainscript to build Deep Learning models. These models can be used to empower apps for Windows and Linux platforms.


Out of the frameworks mentioned above, Caffe is the most unique. It was originally developed by Berkeley AI Research at UC Berkeley. The framework underwent many further refinements from community contributors. That’s what makes it unique. Caffe is open source and licensed under BSD-2 Clause.

Caffe is widely used for image classification, recommender systems etc. owing to its Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). A pre-trained model of Caffe is also available, called Model Zoo which can perform many tasks. With Caffe, developers can build apps for Windows, Mac, and Linux platforms.


The tech world considers Machine Learning to be one of the major factors that displays a business’ competence in just a few years. The technology is also expected to contribute to the Internet of Thing’s much anticipated mainstream dominance.

As of now, businesses can gain great competitive advantages by leveraging ML’s potential via enterprise mobile apps, not to mention better decision-making. The technology is worthy of investment, however only a few developers are actually qualified enough to mold the technology to fit into specific business models. Then there is an obvious need for great amounts of data for ML to make a significant difference.

AoT is one of those companies that can harness the potential of ML for your business through robust and secure custom enterprise mobile apps. We have already earned competence in new-gen technologies like AI/ML and IoT, complementing our already reliable expertise in mobile application development. Send us your queries to understand what ‘smart apps’ from AoT can do for your business.

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A lofty investment in time and resources, months of research and analysis, all to build an enterprise mobile app to make things a lot better. But the truth is that most businesses lack the ability to drive their apps so they can serve their purpose properly. As a matter of fact, many businesses that invested a lot on their ‘dream’ app often end up with a complex, bug-infested or error-prone mobile app that ironically decelerates their growth.

There are many reasons why enterprise mobile apps fail. Here are a few to take note of.

Mobile apps are seen as extensions

Many businesses tend to think that mobile apps serve as an extension to their websites reaching customers on their personal mobile devices. To make the app seem unique, they stuff it with features – wanted and unwanted. Such apps won’t make it in the long run, and would only tarnish the business’ brand value in many cases.

Apps are supposed to simple, contextual and personalized. They are designed to fulfill a specific task or solve a specific problem for users without them having to navigate or type a lot. Enterprises may need apps for a hundred different kinds of business applications. Having one feature-stuffed app to handle most, if not all of it, would only end up as a disaster.

Mobile apps aren’t useful enough

To keep mobile apps engaging and in the hope of boosting sales, businesses tend to add purchasing options in their apps. Though the strategy works for many businesses, it backfires for many others. The apps are only considered useful if they solve a problem or address a particular issue.

Businesses should first figure out what these problems are and then design an app to solve them to make things easier for their customers. They then analyze the feedback of the app, identify concerns, and release new features with regular updates to keep users engaged. If this is not how it’s done, the app is much more likely to fail.

Unsatisfactory user experience

Over 75% of mobile apps are abandoned by users after first use due to various reasons. Of all those reasons, the most recurring would be a poor experience when using the app. Regardless of the app’s features and functionality, if it doesn’t cater to users the way they expect it to, the app won’t succeed.

A study by Forrester back in 2014 emphasized this in their findings that about 64% employees of the surveyed organizations rarely use their enterprise apps due to unsatisfactory user experience. If the app makes things more complicated or doesn’t make a difference at all, why would anyone want to use it? With thousands of apps coming out every month, users would most likely find an app that offers similar services.

Obsolete mobile technologies

One other reason behind enterprise app fails is the use of obsolete technology to drive the app. There are enterprises that still use legacy systems that are incompatible with mobile services. In a world where technologies evolve dynamically, going old-school with a business app powered by age old technologies is not a wise idea.

The app should be flexible enough to address mobile platform and device support, collaboration, and network security while matching user preferences. Using latest technologies in the app certainly increases its acceptance rate.


There are many more reasons why enterprise mobile applications fail, including inept mobile app development. If you are planning to build an app for your enterprise, make sure you hire a company that’s proven its worth in the field. AoT fits that profile with years of mobile app development experience and expertise. Get in touch with us to know how our enterprise mobility services can help your business reach your customers effectively.

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